6 Main Principles of Scrum Methodology

Scrum is one of the types of agile methodology. At the core of this framework, specifically designed to help teams efficiently work on complex projects with frequently changing requirements, lie transparency, clear communication, adjustment, and constant improvement. 

In Scrum, the specialists that perform software testing or web testing of any type (be it functional testing, performance testing, unit testing, or any other) should complete all the tasks accurately and quickly. Also, it is important to maintain continuous and well-established communication between all the members of the project team. During agile development with the usage of the Scrum framework, testers often interact with developers.

What are the key scrum principles?

  1. Control over the empirical process. Transparency, evaluation, and adaptation underlie Scrum methodology.
  2. Self-organization. This principle increases the level of independence of the whole team and also helps to assess their performance.
  3. Collaboration. Awareness, clarity, and distribution become particularly important while working on each release. 
  4. Value-based prioritization. In Scrum, tasks are constantly prioritized based on their value and importance for the end-users and the company to determine the order in which these tasks need to be completed.
  5. Timeboxing. It implies allocating and scheduling certain amounts of time for certain activities. In Scrum, work is done in short release cycles called “sprints” (usually 2-4 weeks). Tasks are determined during sprint planning (usually around 1-2 hours), monitored and discussed at daily meetings (usually around 15 minutes), evaluated during sprint reviews (usually around 1-2 hours), etc.
  6. Iterative development. As the project requirements in Scrum are constantly being adjusted and revised, software development activities in this framework are also repeated, revisited, and reworked to create the best product.


Scrum is an extremely popular framework in software development and testing, which helps to bring maximum business value during the least amount of time. By following the 6 main scrum principles described in this article, IT teams will easily become more efficient and coordinated, and the process of software development and testing will bring better results faster.