The Fundamentals of Scrum Methodology
Scrum is one of the Agile methodologies. According to this method, the duration of every development cycle is strictly defined. Each such cycle is called a sprint. Usually, the duration of the sprint equals from 2 weeks up to 1 month.
Each sprint begins with the meeting of sprint planning where the scope of work for the upcoming sprint is confirmed and the estimates are made. At this stage, the task prioritization is defined.
The Scrum methodology also presupposes the daily meeting for every sprint. All team members are present at such sprint meetings. In general, the meeting lasts no more than 15 minutes.
Besides that, every sprint comes with a retrospective discussion. During such meetings, there are analyzed the successfully performed tasks of the current sprint and the areas for further improvement in the further sprints. According to the Scrum methodology, all work is executed on the basis of the distribution of the particular roles.
What are the roles of scrum methodology?
- Product Owner – the specialists who are well-informed about the product specifics. They also form the product backlog. Besides that, the Product Owner monitors the execution of all business requirements.
- Scrum Master – the expert that controls every sprint, coordinates the work of the project team, holds a daily meeting and so on.
- Development team – the specialists that implement, test, document and analyze the functionality developed during every sprint.
For the product team, sometimes Scrum testing is a difficult task as it is necessary to perform the full software testing, including system testing, unit checking, integration testing, functional checking, UI testing, etc.