What Is Cucumber?

Cucumber is a tool which supports development via behavior realization (BDD - Behavior-Driven Development). It is considered to be utilized for creating the tests which can be understood by each and all, even without special technical knowledge.

In the case of behavior-driven development, the users (exactly business analysts, product owners), firstly, create scenarios or acceptance tests which describe the system behavior from the end users’ point of view. Thus, the product owner reviews and finally hands over all scenarios to the developers for code writing.

The Cucumber tool uses the Ruby programming language. The Cucumber projects are also available on the other platforms, except Ruby. Gherkin is a language which utilizes Cucumber for the test-cases specification.


Syntax - line oriented as well as in Python. All Gherkin files have a .feature extension. The Cucumber tests are divided into the separated features which are, in their turn, divided into the scenarios - the steps consequences. Feature is a user case which describes the specific system function under test.

What Are Cucumber Advantages?

  • It helps to engage in the process the business stakeholders who are not able to easily perceive the code.
  • The Cucumber tool is oriented to the end users.
  • The way of the test writing ensures a rather easy code reusing in the tests.
  • Installation and performance process is simple and quick.
  • Cucumber is an effective tool for testing.

The specialists who execute software product testing, web application checking, mobile system testing are familiar with the Cucumber tool. Besides this, automated testing is also fulfilled with this tool usage. Software testing company always has in its arsenal a range of specific tools which promotes the checking effectiveness.